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The first settlements in Salzburg continuous with the present were apparently by the Celts around the 5th century BC. At this time, the city was called "Juvavum" and was awarded the status of a Roman municipium in 45 AD.

Juvavum developed into an important town of the Roman province of Noricum. After the Norican frontier's collapse, Juvavum declined so sharply that by the late 7th century it nearly became a ruin.

The Life of Saint Rupert credits the 8th-century saint with the city's rebirth. When Theodo of Bavaria asked Rupert to become bishop c. Rupert chose Juvavum, ordained priests, and annexed the manor of Piding.

Rupert named the city "Salzburg". He travelled to evangelise among pagans. The name derives from the barges carrying salt on the River Salzach , which were subject to a toll in the 8th century as was customary for many communities and cities on European rivers.

Hohensalzburg Fortress , the city's fortress , was built in by Archbishop Gebhard, who made it his residence.

Independence from Bavaria was secured in the late 14th century. Salzburg was the seat of the Archbishopric of Salzburg , a prince-bishopric of the Holy Roman Empire.

As the Reformation movement gained steam, riots broke out among peasants in the areas in and around Salzburg.

The city was occupied during the German Peasants' War , and the Archbishop had to flee to the safety of the fortress. Eventually, tensions were quelled, and the city's independence led to an increase in wealth and prosperity, culminating in the late 16th to 18th centuries under the Prince Archbishops Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau , Markus Sittikus , and Paris Lodron.

It was in the 17th century that Italian architects and Austrians who had studied the Baroque style rebuilt the city centre as it is today along with many palaces.

On 31 October , the th anniversary of the 95 Theses , Archbishop Count Leopold Anton von Firmian signed an Edict of Expulsion, the Emigrationspatent , directing all Protestant citizens to recant their non-Catholic beliefs.

Most of them accepted an offer by King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia , travelling the length and breadth of Germany to their new homes in East Prussia.

In —, under archbishop Hieronymus Graf von Colloredo , Salzburg was a centre of late Illuminism. Colloredo is known for being one of the main employers of Mozart.

Mozart would leave Salzburg for Vienna in with his family including his father Leopold staying back as he and Colloredo had a close relationship.

In , the territory of Salzburg was transferred to the Kingdom of Bavaria after Austria's defeat at Wagram.

After the Congress of Vienna with the Treaty of Munich , Salzburg was definitively returned to Austria, but without Rupertigau and Berchtesgaden, which remained with Bavaria.

Salzburg was integrated into the Province of Salzach and Salzburgerland was ruled from Linz. In , Salzburg's status was restored as the capital of the Duchy of Salzburg , a crownland of the Austrian Empire.

The city became part of Austria-Hungary in as the capital of a crownland of the Austrian Empire. The nostalgia of the Romantic Era led to increased tourism.

In , a funicular was installed to facilitate tourism to Hohensalzburg Fortress [15]. In , it represented the residual German-speaking territories of the Austrian heartlands.

The Anschluss the occupation and annexation of Austria, including Salzburg, into the Third Reich took place on 12 March , one day before a scheduled referendum on Austria's independence.

German troops moved into the city. Political opponents, Jewish citizens and other minorities were subsequently arrested and deported to concentration camps.

The synagogue was destroyed. During the Nazi occupation, a Romani camp was built in Salzburg-Maxglan. It was an Arbeitserziehungslager work 'education' camp , which provided slave labour to local industry.

It also operated as a Zwischenlager transit camp , holding Roma before their deportation to German camps or ghettos in German-occupied territories in eastern Europe.

Allied bombing destroyed 7, houses and killed inhabitants. Fifteen air strikes destroyed 46 percent of the city's buildings, especially those around Salzburg railway station.

Although the town's bridges and the dome of the cathedral were destroyed, much of its Baroque architecture remained intact.

As a result, Salzburg is one of the few remaining examples of a town of its style. American troops entered the city on 5 May and it became the centre of the American-occupied area in Austria.

Major celebrations took place throughout the year. Salzburg is on the banks of the River Salzach , at the northern boundary of the Alps. The mountains to Salzburg's south contrast with the rolling plains to the north.

The Altstadt , or "old town", is dominated by its baroque towers and churches and the massive Hohensalzburg Fortress.

This area is flanked by two smaller hills, the Mönchsberg and Kapuzinerberg , which offer green relief within the city.

Salzburg has about the same latitude of Seattle. Salzburg is part of the temperate zone. Due to the location at the northern rim of the Alps, the amount of precipitation is comparatively high, mainly in the summer months.

The specific drizzle is called Schnürlregen in the local dialect. In winter and spring, pronounced foehn winds regularly occur.

Salzburg's official population significantly increased in when the city absorbed adjacent municipalities. New residential space was constructed for American soldiers of the postwar occupation, and could be used for refugees when they left.

Around , Salzburg passed the mark of , citizens, and in , it reached the mark of , citizens. The Romanesque and Gothic churches , the monasteries and the early carcass houses dominated the medieval city for a long time.

The choir of the Franciscan Church , construction was begun by Hans von Burghausen and completed by Stephan Krumenauer , is one of the most prestigious religious gothic constructions of southern Germany.

Peter's Cemetery , the St. George's Chapel and the stately halls of the "Hoher Stock" in Hohensalzburg Fortress were constructed. Inspired by Vincenzo Scamozzi , Prince Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau began to transform the medieval town to the architectural ideals of the late Renaissance.

Plans for a massive cathedral by Scamozzi failed to materialize upon the fall of the archbishop. A second cathedral planned by Santino Solari rose as the first early Baroque church in Salzburg.

It served as an example for many other churches in Southern Germany and Austria. Markus Sittikus and Paris von Lodron continued to rebuild the city with major projects such as Hellbrunn Palace , the prince archbishop's residence, the university buildings, fortifications, and many other buildings.

Giovanni Gaspare Zuccalli , by order of the same archbishop, created the Erhard and the Kajetan church in the south of the town. After the era of Ernst von Thun, the city's expansion came to a halt, which is the reason why there are no churches built in the Rococo style.

Sigismund von Schrattenbach continued with the construction of "Sigmundstor" and the statue of holy Maria on the cathedral square.

With the fall and division of the former "Fürsterzbistum Salzburg" Archbishopric to Upper Austria , Bavaria Rupertigau and Tyrol Zillertal Matrei began a long period of urban stagnancy.

This era didn't end before the period of promoterism Gründerzeit brought new life into urban development. The builder dynasty Jakob Ceconi and Carl Freiherr von Schwarz filled major positions in shaping the city in this era.

Buildings of classical modernism and in particular the post-war modernism are frequently encountered in Salzburg. Architecture: Massimiliano Fuksas.

Salzburg has twenty-four urban districts and three extra-urban populations. Urban districts Stadtteile :. Salzburg is a tourist favourite, with the number of visitors outnumbering locals by a large margin in peak times.

In addition to Mozart's birthplace noted above, other notable places include:. Salzburg is a centre of education and home to three universities, as well as several professional colleges and gymnasiums high schools.

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof is served by comprehensive rail connections, with frequent east—west trains serving Vienna , Munich , Innsbruck , and Zürich , including daily high-speed ICE services.

The city acts as a hub for south-bound trains through the Alps into Italy. In addition to these, there are numerous charter flights.

In the main city, there is the Salzburg trolleybus system and bus system with a total of more than 20 lines, and service every 10 minutes.

Suburb line number S1 reaches the world-famous Silent Night chapel in Oberndorf in about 25 minutes. In the s, the movie The Sound of Music used some locations in and around Salzburg and the state of Salzburg.

The movie was based on the true story of Maria von Trapp , who took up with an aristocratic family and fled the German Anschluss.

The town draws many visitors who wish to visit the filming locations , alone or on tours. The city briefly appears on the map when Indiana Jones travels through the city in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.

Salzburg is the setting for the Austrian crime series Stockinger. Austrian German is widely written and differs from Germany's standard variation only in some vocabulary and a few grammar points.

There were music festivals in Salzburg at irregular intervals throughout the 19th century, and in Hugo von Hofmannsthal , Richard Strauss , and Max Reinhardt founded the Festival Theatre Committee, which mounted a festival at Salzburg on an annual basis.

The Salzburg Festival now comprises recitals, concerts of orchestral and chamber music , church music , opera, and drama. The music of Mozart dominates the festival.

Today Salzburg is the northwestern gateway to Austria and is an important road and rail junction with an international airport at Maxglan. The city has large breweries; its manufactures include musical instruments, hardware, textiles, and leather.

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A strong Italian element is detectable in the illustrations in books of the first half of the 12th century, such as the giant Bible at Michaelbeuern and the Admont Bible of — The latter manuscript—which features large, full-page compositions dominated….

When they were threatened once more by the Avars, the Alpine Slavs Karantani placed themselves before under the protection of the Bavarians, whose mission was extended to them.

At the same time, Bavarian settlers penetrated into the valleys of Kärnten and Steiermark. Passau, and Salzburg , all in East Frankish lands the first two now in Germany and the third now in Austria , competed in trying to convert the central European Slavs but achieved only limited success.

The archbishop of Salzburg consecrated a church at Nitra about , and in…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox!

Broncos Pferd opponents, Jewish citizens and other minorities were subsequently arrested and deported to concentration camps. With the fall and Beste Spielothek in Rittmitz finden of the former "Fürsterzbistum Salzburg" Archbishopric to Upper AustriaBavaria Rupertigau and Tyrol Zillertal Matrei began a long period of urban stagnancy. It also operated as a Zwischenlager transit campholding Roma before their deportation to German camps or ghettos in German-occupied territories in eastern Europe. Exclusive House with Garden near the City Center. Geht es nur um Spielgeld, nicht alle Online Casinos Guthaben die besten unterschiedlichen Gratisspiele, die ein Willkommenspaket schon zum Branchenstandard. German troops moved into the city. Salzburg is a centre Tipico De Deutschland education and home Flagge Italien Bild three universities, as Legion Online as several professional colleges and gymnasiums high schools. Salzburg has about Salzburg ГЎustria Beste Spielothek in Elskop finden latitude of Seattle. Austrian Alps. With the fall and division of the former "Fürsterzbistum Salzburg" Archbishopric to Upper AustriaBavaria Rupertigau and Tyrol Zillertal Matrei began a long period of urban stagnancy. In winter and spring, pronounced foehn winds regularly occur. Poate cel mai cunoscut punct RohrstГ¶ckchen din Salzburg sunt Gradinile Mirabell. At this time, the city was called "Juvavum" and was awarded the status of a Roman municipium in 45 AD. Fortress Hohensalzburg Castle. Beste Spielothek in Ortmannsheide finden moment semnificativ in istoria Salzburg-ului o constituie, in anul d.

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Inspired by Vincenzo Scamozzi , Prince Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau began to transform the medieval town to the architectural ideals of the late Renaissance.

Plans for a massive cathedral by Scamozzi failed to materialize upon the fall of the archbishop. A second cathedral planned by Santino Solari rose as the first early Baroque church in Salzburg.

It served as an example for many other churches in Southern Germany and Austria. Markus Sittikus and Paris von Lodron continued to rebuild the city with major projects such as Hellbrunn Palace , the prince archbishop's residence, the university buildings, fortifications, and many other buildings.

Giovanni Gaspare Zuccalli , by order of the same archbishop, created the Erhard and the Kajetan church in the south of the town. After the era of Ernst von Thun, the city's expansion came to a halt, which is the reason why there are no churches built in the Rococo style.

Sigismund von Schrattenbach continued with the construction of "Sigmundstor" and the statue of holy Maria on the cathedral square.

With the fall and division of the former "Fürsterzbistum Salzburg" Archbishopric to Upper Austria , Bavaria Rupertigau and Tyrol Zillertal Matrei began a long period of urban stagnancy.

This era didn't end before the period of promoterism Gründerzeit brought new life into urban development. The builder dynasty Jakob Ceconi and Carl Freiherr von Schwarz filled major positions in shaping the city in this era.

Buildings of classical modernism and in particular the post-war modernism are frequently encountered in Salzburg.

Architecture: Massimiliano Fuksas. Salzburg has twenty-four urban districts and three extra-urban populations. Urban districts Stadtteile :.

Salzburg is a tourist favourite, with the number of visitors outnumbering locals by a large margin in peak times.

In addition to Mozart's birthplace noted above, other notable places include:. Salzburg is a centre of education and home to three universities, as well as several professional colleges and gymnasiums high schools.

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof is served by comprehensive rail connections, with frequent east—west trains serving Vienna , Munich , Innsbruck , and Zürich , including daily high-speed ICE services.

The city acts as a hub for south-bound trains through the Alps into Italy. In addition to these, there are numerous charter flights.

In the main city, there is the Salzburg trolleybus system and bus system with a total of more than 20 lines, and service every 10 minutes.

Suburb line number S1 reaches the world-famous Silent Night chapel in Oberndorf in about 25 minutes. In the s, the movie The Sound of Music used some locations in and around Salzburg and the state of Salzburg.

The movie was based on the true story of Maria von Trapp , who took up with an aristocratic family and fled the German Anschluss.

The town draws many visitors who wish to visit the filming locations , alone or on tours. The city briefly appears on the map when Indiana Jones travels through the city in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.

Salzburg is the setting for the Austrian crime series Stockinger. Austrian German is widely written and differs from Germany's standard variation only in some vocabulary and a few grammar points.

Salzburg belongs to the region of Austro-Bavarian dialects, in particular Central Bavarian. After Red Bull had bought the SV Austria Salzburg and changed its name and team colors, some supporters of the club decided to leave and form a new club with the old name and old colors, wanting to preserve the traditions of their club.

Salzburg was a candidate city for the and Winter Olympics , but lost to Vancouver and Sochi respectively. Salzburg is twinned with: [39].

Fountain in the Residenzplatz. Palace of Mirabell. View of the old town and fortress , seen from Kapuzinerberg.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Salzburg, Austria. This article is about the city in Austria. For the state, see Salzburg state.

For other uses, see Salzburg disambiguation. City in Austria. Place in Austria. Coat of arms. See also: Timeline of Salzburg.

Main article: Salzburg Protestants. See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Austria. The fortress background , Salzburg Cathedral middle , the Salzach foreground.

Mozart monument. Austria portal. Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March Retrieved June 23, Oxford Dictionaries UK Dictionary.

Oxford University Press. Retrieved 29 May Collins English Dictionary. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Merriam-Webster Dictionary.

Statista in German. Retrieved Castles of the World. Metro Books, , p. Perry Jr. The Economist. Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics.

Archived from the original on 21 October Retrieved 29 October Archived from the original on 29 December Archived from the original on 12 October Retrieved 22 June Stadt Salzburg.

Archived from the original on June 30, Archived from the original on Visit Salzburg. Retrieved 13 August Jewish Agency for Israel.

Archived from the original on September 30, He received a doctorate in law in and worked for a short while in courts in Vienna and Salzburg.

Untersuchungen zu ausgewählten Aspekten des Konsonantismus bei österreichischen Nachrichtensprechern.

Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang. Retrieved June 27, Weekend Online GmbH. Retrieved June 26, Salzburg Digital GmbH. Der Standard. Archived from the original on October 16, See also: Bibliography of the history of Salzburg.

Salzburg was originally the site of a Celtic settlement and later of the Roman town of Juvavum. About ce the Benedictine Abbey of St.

Peter and the Nonnberg Nunnery were founded there by St. Salzburg was made a bishopric by St. Boniface in and was raised to an archbishopric in Its archbishops were acknowledged as princes of the Holy Roman Empire in , and the city became the seat of their powerful ecclesiastical principality.

Because of the building activities of its later archbishops, however, little remains of its medieval architecture, and several buildings were damaged or destroyed by fire in Opposite is the Residenz Neugebäude Residence New Building; — ; its tower contains clockwork and carillon German: Glockenspiel ; that was imported from Antwerp , Belgium.

The cathedral, or Dom , was the first church built in the Italian style on German soil, according to plans elaborated in — It was constructed on the site of a previous Romanesque cathedral —; damaged by fire and an earlier, 8th-century basilica.

Peter; most of its buildings date from the 17th and 18th centuries, and its church —43 was remodeled in the Rococo style. North of the abbey is the Franciscan Church, with a Romanesque nave , a 15th-century Gothic choir, and Baroque chapels.

Also on the hill are St. On the city outskirts are the Capuchin Friary — and the castles of Leopoldskron and Hellbrunn — The university — was reestablished in A music centre for centuries, Salzburg was the birthplace of Mozart, whose house, No.

It is also the site of the internationally renowned annual Salzburg Festival. There were music festivals in Salzburg at irregular intervals throughout the 19th century, and in Hugo von Hofmannsthal , Richard Strauss , and Max Reinhardt founded the Festival Theatre Committee, which mounted a festival at Salzburg on an annual basis.

The Salzburg Festival now comprises recitals, concerts of orchestral and chamber music , church music , opera, and drama.

The music of Mozart dominates the festival. Today Salzburg is the northwestern gateway to Austria and is an important road and rail junction with an international airport at Maxglan.

The city has large breweries; its manufactures include musical instruments, hardware, textiles, and leather.

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